Fourth degree perineal tear – £200,000


Emma Marsden suffered a fourth degree tear when her first child was delivered with the assistance of forceps and an episiotomy. It went unnoticed and her episiotomy was stitched immediately.

Over the next few months she suffered perineal pain and discomfort as well as intermittent bleeding and problems with bowel control. She had developed an anovaginal fistula.

Posted in Birth injury to mothers